Sensory Integration Therapy
Sensory Integration Therapy is a facet of Occupational Therapy that heightens a child’s ability to combine their senses together and generate a response. Deficits in sensory integration can pose challenges in performing activities of daily living (ADLs), in addition to development, learning, playing, working, socializing, and exhibiting appropriate behavior (Schaff & Smith Roley, 2006). These deficits in sensory integration are better known as sensory processing disorder, and is a result of difficulty interpreting the information we receive from our senses.
Sensory Integration helps us make sense of the world around us and how we perceive ourselves in relation to the space around us. This type of therapy helps more than the five standard senses: sight, hearing, vision, touch, and taste, to also include; proprioception, vestibular, and interoception senses.
Proprioception – Proprioception refers to our ability to judge our body’s position and posture.
Vestibular – Vestibular sense refers to our ability to judge our body’s position in space.
Interoception – Interoception refers to our ability to gauge internal responses such as: thirst, hunger, and need to use the restroom.